The End Times - Biblical & Contemporary

PROPHETIC, Biblical, Contemporary,

PAssover  Links  To  Easter

 I wrote the piece below years ago but have recently revised it for use by anyone who wishes. You may copy and print this.  It has the normal Jewish  Passover elements, but there are many links  (included in italics)  to the fulfilment of these elements in the New Testament and Christianity. We use this at Passover or Easter to make a refreshing change to our meal! 







Why not make a special effort and be different? Celebrate Easter this year by combining the remembrance of the goodness of God to Israel in delivering them from the bondage of Egypt, with the goodness of God in delivering Christians from the bondage to sin. After all, Passover was celebrated by Jesus, and the word 'Easter' has a pagan origin, where Christians substituted our remembrance festival for that of 'Eastra', saxon goddess of Spring.


INTRODUCTION: Some thought-provoking points about the Passover:

• [Observed by Jesus] Matthew 26:17-20; Luke 22:15; John 2:13;23; John 13:1-38

 • [Jesus in the temple at time of] Luke 2:41-50

 • [Jesus crucified at time of] Matthew 26:2; Mark 14:1-2; John 18:28

 • [The lamb of, a type of Christ] 1 Cor. 5:7

 • [Lord's Supper ordained at] Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:12-25; Luke 22:7-20

 • [Prisoner released at, by the Romans] Matt27:15; Mk15:6; Lk 23:16-17; Jn 18:39

 • [Peter imprisoned at time of] Acts 12:3

 • [Christ called our passover] 1 Cor. 5:7



Copies of songs and extracts if required.

Candles and holders or a menora - seven-posted candleholder.

Wine and five cups. Basin, pitcher of water, towel. Sprigs of parsley and/or a lettuce, salt water in bowl. Napkin. Unleavened bread (made from pure flour and water) or crackers. Bitter herbs (Horseradish) and Charoseth* Seder platter or large plate. Shankbone of a lamb. Egg.   A full meal including lamb...see below^.

    *Charoseth is made from 1 apple, peeled cored amd chopped or grated.

Half a cup of walnuts, almonds or pecans, finely chopped.

Half teaspoonful of sugar, and half of cinnamon.

1 Tablespoonful of red wine or grape juice.


^Suggested Main meal (SEDER)

Hors d'euvre: Either each have or share together hard boiled eggs in salt water.

First Course:  Blend of Fish,  egg,  noodles and  crackers in a blender. Then prepare a hot broth from this with water and seasoning.

Second course: Carrots, roast lamb, tossed salad, golden potatoes.

Third course:  Fresh fruit Cup or passover cake~. Finish with Tea with lemon.

~ Passover cake contains eggs, sweet wine, orange juice, sugar, cream, almonds, flour. salt and cinnamon. Care to adapt a cake recipe? 




Song before the Passover (optional)

BARUCH HA BA           (See also Luke 13v34-35; Psalm 118v26)


Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord,



Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord,



Blessed is He


who comes in the name of the Lord.


Blessed is He


who comes in the name of the Lord.






(NB. 1. Key adaptations to the Jewish original are in standard italics. 2. Main instructions are underlined. 3. Leader: is usually head of house, father of family, leader of group. 4. For the note: comments, you need to appoint a narrator.)





Note: The Passover celebration is to remember what God has done for us.



Leader: reads Lev 23v1,4,5; Ex 12v14,27; Matt 26v17-19.  'Now in the presence of loved ones and friends, before us the emblems of festive rejoicing, we gather for our sacred celebration. Together with the household of Israel and the family of the Church world-wide, linking and bonding the past with the future, we heed once again the divine call to service. We re-live the story that is told for all peoples, whose shining conclusion is yet to unfold, we gather to observe the Passover and to worship the Lamb of God. As it is written:'


Group: Exodus 12:17

"Celebrate the Feast of Unleavened Bread, because it was on this very day that I brought your divisions out of Egypt. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come."


Note: As the Jews were set free from slavery to Egypt, so those who believe in Jesus as the Messiah, (YESHUA HA MASHIACH), fulfilling Scripture as the Passover Lamb of God, are set free from slavery to sin. Since He died in our place, cursed by God the Father on the 'tree', (Galatians 3v13-14),  the penalty of the curse of sin has been paid for us - Hallelujah!


Leader:  Exodus 13:3  Then Moses said to the people, "Commemorate this day, the day you came out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery, because the Lord brought you out of it with a mighty hand. Eat nothing containing yeast."


Note: The 'leaven of the Pharisees', of which Jesus spoke in Matthew 16v5-12 was the addition of unnecessary traditions and of legalism in their teaching. That of the Saduccess was the teaching which removed the hope of the resurrection, belief in angels, in the supernatural, in heaven, etc.)


The Lighting of the candles

 (Light and consecration). Candles usually lit by mother. A menora is best.


The first cup - the cup of sanctification  (Kiddush)

Leader: Our story tells that in diverse ways, in diverse words, God gave us PROMISES of freedom to our people. With cups of wine we recall each one of them, as now, the first: Exodus 6:6 "Therefore, say to the Israelites: 'I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.' "


Group: As believers in Christ Jesus - Yeshua Ha Mashiach - we give thanks for the release from bondage to Satan.


Leader: (Holds up the cup.) We take up the Kiddush cup and proclaim the holiness of this day of deliverance. We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has kept us in life, sustained us, and brought us safely to this festive season.


Group:  We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.




 ("Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God,       King of the universe,     Creator of the fruit of the vine.")


(All drink from the first cup of wine.)


Washing of the hands

Leader: (Takes a basin, pitcher of water and towel and washes his hands.)

Note: Remember Jesus washing the feet of the disciples? (John 13). All the participants may wish to wash their hands also.


Leader: Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the universe, who has chosen us from above all languages, and sanctified us with Your commandments. With love have You given us, O Lord our God, days for joy, festivals and seasons for gladness; this day of the feast of Unleavened Bread, the season of our freedom: a holy convocation, a memorial of the Exodus from Egypt and from bondage to the one who is infinitely worse. For You have chosen us and sanctified us above all peoples. Your holy festivals with joy and gladness have You given us as an inheritance. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, who sanctifies His people and the seasons.


Karpas (rebirth and renewal)

Leader: takes a piece of parsley or lettuce, dips it in the salt water. He divides what remains among the family/guests ready for use later.


(Note: The salt water signifies the crossing of the Red Sea and the green vegetable signifies the making of a new nation. Christians go through the 'red sea', or waters of baptism to become a new nation, holy unto God. (1 Peter 2). 


Leader: (In the spring of the year, the season of rebirth and renewal, on the festival of PESACH (Passover), we read from the Song of Songs. The poetry of nature and love evokes, as well, the love between God, the people of Israel, and the Church, in covenant betrothal.)


Song of Songs 2:10-12 "My lover spoke and said to me, 'Arise, my darling, my beautiful one, and come with me. 11See! The winter is past; the rains are over and gone. 12Flowers appear on the earth; the season of singing has come, the cooing of doves is heard in our land.' 

Song of Songs 7:13 'The mandrakes send out their fragrance, and at our door is every delicacy, both new and old, that I have stored up for you, my lover.' "


(Now each person takes the piece of parsley or lettuce and dips it in salt water.)

Group:  We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the earth.           (Each now eats the vegetable.)


A bond of sharing  (Yachats)

(Note: Unleavened Bread  is called Matzot. It has tiny holes in it to keep it from bubbling during preparation.)

(Leader: takes the representative unleavened bread or crackers. Three pieces are united by one twice folded napkin.

(Note: Three pieces representing the Trinity. The middle layer represents the Levites...a 'type' of Christ, our High Priest, who was pierced, (Psalm 22v16, John 19v37, Zech 12v10) and 'concealed' in the tomb and wrapped in linen. NB When the concealed part is returned to the table, it symbolises for us, the resurrection of Jesus.) 

Leader: Now I break the middle Matzah and conceal one half.

(Leader conceals under pillow or similar this 'Afikoman' - 'dessert').


Later we will share it as in days of old the Passover offering itself was shared at this service in Jerusalem. Among people everywhere, sharing of bread forms a bond of fellowship. Christ, our High Priest, who was pierced, broken and  'concealed' in the tomb will return. 


We say together words which join us with all who are in need, with the wrongly imprisoned, with the beggar in the street. For our redemption is bound up with the deliverance from bondage of people everywhere.

(Seder plate is lifted from the table and an invitation made:) 


Group: This is the bread of affliction. Let all who are in want share the hope of the Passover.  (Seder plate is replaced.)   READ LUKE 22v15-16


The second cup - the Cup of (instruction of) Redemption

(Leader pours wine into second cup)


Four Questions

Note: Everyone should be encouraged to ask questions.

Leader: Exodus 10:9 "Moses answered, 'We will go with our young and old, with our sons and daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord.' " ……So it was said before the first Passover observance. Our children today are able to join in its observance.


(Youngest present:)

Why is this night different from all other nights? We eat matzah and  bitter herbs. We dip the herbs twice. We dine in special ceremony.


The Four 'Children' (types)

Leader:  Four times the Law of the Bible (Torah) bids us tell our children of the Exodus from Egypt. 4 times repeated: 'And you shall tell your children on that day'.


To the wise: All, or one participant (1): Deut. 6:20   In the future, when your son asks you, "What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?" ……In response, we should explain the observances of the Passover.


To the wicked: All, or one participant (2): Exodus 12:26   And when (the wicked)  ask you, 'What does this ceremony mean to you?'We respond, 'It is because of what God did for me when I went forth from Egypt'.


All, or one participant (3): Exodus 13:14   "In days to come, when your son asks you, 'What does this mean?' say to him, 'With a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.


To the open and simple:

Group: To a person of open simplicity, give a straightforward answer; for:  Psalm 19:7 "The law of the Lord is perfect, reviving the soul. The statutes of the Lord are trustworthy, making wise the simple.


To the one unable to ask: All, or one participant (4):

To one unable to ask, you yourself must explain. As it is written:  Exodus 13:8   On that day tell your son, 'I do this because of what the Lord did for me when I came out of Egypt.' 


Group: With the one who has no need to know, no will to serve, you must begin yourself to awaken the need, to give the will.


Leader: In the daily encounters of our lives, these persons - the wise, the wicked, the open and simple, those unable to ask - appear in various guises. Their questions must be pondered and answers sought, the story given life and meaning.



Leader:   There are many questions. Now we begin to answer. Our history moves from slavery to freedom. Our narration begins with degradation and rises to dignity, and freedom from ourselves. Our service opens with the rule of evil and advances towards the kingdom of God.


Group: We were slaves to Pharoah in Egypt, and God freed us from Egypt with a mighty hand. We were slaves to the Evil One,  but God freed us from the slavery to spiritual Egypt.


Note: Galatians 2:4 "This matter arose because some false brothers had infiltrated our ranks to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves."  Galatians 5:1 "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery."  2 Cor. 3:17 "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom." )


The Plagues of Egypt    (Makot Miztrayim)

Leader: Though we rejoice in the overcoming of oppression, nevertheless our joy is diminished when we consider the Egyptians drowning in the sea.

When we remember oppression, and the upheaval that follows, we pour ten drops of wine for the plagues upon Egypt. Each drop of wine we pour is a prayer that, in the name of the Lord, people will cast out the plagues that threaten everyone, everywhere they are found, and we begin with our own hearts:


Group:  The making of war , the teaching of hate and violence, spoiling of the earth, perversion of justice and of government, fomenting of vice and crime, neglect of human needs, oppression of nations and peoples, corruption of culture, the subjugation of science, learning and human discourse, erosions of freedom. 


We pour ten drops for the plagues of Egypt - Blood, Frogs, Lice, Wild Beasts, Blight, Boils, Hail, Locusts, Darkness, Slaying of the Firstborn.


Leader:  Who is like You, O God among the mighty! Who is like You, awesome in praises, working wonders! The Lord shall reign for ever and ever! How plentiful are the reasons for our gratitude to God for the many favours which He has bestowed upon us!              (Leader alternates with group response (italics):


Leader: He brought us from Egypt.

   Group: Out of the land of bondage to the enemy and to ourselves.  

He divided the Red Sea for us, permitting us to cross on dry land.

He performs His miracles and makes a way in the wilderness for our lives.

He sustained us for forty years in the desert and fed us with manna.

Jehovah Jireh, our provider!

He ordained the Sabbath.

Let us enter into His rest.

He brought us to Mount Sinai and gave us the Law (Torah).

The law is on our lips and in our hearts.

He led us into the land of Israel.

We are in the Kingdom of God!

He built for us the temple.

We are the body of Christ.

He sent us the Prophets of Truth.

And He gave us Jesus (Yeshua) The Prophet who was to come,

who fulfils all truth and all the law.

He made us a holy people.

To live for Him in truth and righteousness.


Leader: Tremble, O earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob, who turns the rocks into pools and the flint into fountains.


Partaking of the Second cup - The Cup of Redemption      (Kos G'ulah)

Note:  The wine reminds us of the blood of the lambs spread on the doorposts and lintels of the Israelites' homes to safeguard from God's Angel of Death (Exodus 12). They needed the protection from God against the consequences of sin. The innocent lamb covered the guilty. This prefigures Yeshua's blood shed on the Cross, His precious blood staining the wood, covering our guilt. (John 19v34). Isaiah 53v7 prophecies of the Messiah being 'a lamb that is led to the slaughter'. Also: Revelation 5v6-14 A lamb heaven. Rev.13v8...from the foundation of the world.


Leader: With the second cup of wine, we recall the second PROMISE of liberation.

Group:  As it is written, Exodus 6v6  

"Therefore, say to the Israelites: 'I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment."

Galatians 5v1 "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free. Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery."


Remembering with gratitude our redemption from the Egypt of slavery and bondage to the devil, rejoicing in the fruits of Christ's victory for freedom, we celebrate our redemption, looking to the building of a true city of peace in which all will rejoice in the service of the Lord, singing together a new song to the glory of the Lamb, slain from the foundation of the world.


We praise You, O God, the Hope of Israel! We praise You, O God, Redeemer of Your Church, Saviour of the world! We praise You, O God, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the vine.  READ LUKE 22v17-18  (All drink second cup)


Leader: now holds up the shankbone from the seder plate.

 (Shankbone on a plate is the symbol for the passover lamb. The peace offering of an egg was added. This points us to Christ our passover lamb and the peace offering of His life for ours unto God. 2 Cor. 5v19: 'God was in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself.)


Leader: The Passover Sacrifice, the lamb, which was eaten at the time when the temple still stood - what was the reason for it?

Group: Because the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt.

 (Leader now passes the shankbone around the table/group and reads:


Leader: We remember the means of deliverance from death and bondage, through the shed blood of lambs: As it is written:  Exodus 12v7&13  "They are to take some of the blood and put it on the posts and lintels of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs....when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt."



Leader: holds up the unleavened bread and says:

This is the unleavened bread which we will eat. Our children have asked, "What is the reason for it?"


Group: It is because there was not enough time for the dough to rise before leaving Egypt.

Note: Yeshua was is the Matzah, striped by the whip, and contained no sin......yeast. Christ was later called our 'Passover Lamb' - 1 Cor. 5:7   READ LUKE 22v19


The uppermost of the three Matzot is broken and distributed among the group.

Group:  We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who brings forth bread from the earth.




(Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God,   King of the universe,     Who bringeth forth bread from the earth.)


Leader: We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who hallows our lives with Your commandments, who has commanded us regarding the eating of Matzah.                             

(All eat some of the Matzah)


Group: We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who hallows our lives with Your commandments, who has commanded us regarding the eating of Maror.


(Make a sandwich of the matzah, bitter herbs (Horseradish) and Charoseth, and eat this, or alternatively, dip the bitter herbs (Maror) in Charoseth and eat that.)

(Note: The bitter herbs remind us of the bitterness of slavery and of the bitter cup that the Lord tasted in death, on our behalf. Charoseth has the colour of the mortar made by the Israelites whilst slaves in Egypt.) (Recipe for Charoseth at beginning.)




Leader:  Numbers 9:16   That is how it continued to be......

Preserving a bond of observance from the time of the temple, together they shall be: the matzah of freedom and the maror of slavery. For in the time of freedom there is knowledge of servitude, and in the time of bondage there is hope of redemption.



THE MEAL IS OBSERVED    (Shulcan Oreich)

 (See suggestions at beginning of pamphlet)


Note: Hors D'euvre: Hard-boiled eggs representing the Pharoah's hard heart, and salt water, representing the tears of the Hebrew slaves.



The children search for the hidden piece of broken matzah. One is directed to it, under the pillow. It is unwrapped by the leader.

Note: Its recovery for the Jew symbolises the resurrection of Israel from bondage to freedom. Its recovery for Christians symbolises Christ's resurrection. Each one of us must find Christ.


The recovered piece of unleavened bread or cracker is now shared and eaten as the last item on the menu, that its taste might linger.  Note: We remember Christ's passover sharing of the unleavened bread that we might feed on the Bread of Life (John 6v35; Luke 22v19). 


Leader: Grace after meal - thanks for divine sustenance  (Barekh).  Deut 8v10 "When you have eaten and are satisfied, you shall bless the Lord your God for all that He has given you."


Group:   Psalm 126:1-6   A song of ascents.

"When the Lord brought back the captives to Zion, we were like men who dreamed. Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy. Then it was said among the nations, "The Lord has done great things for them." The Lord has done great things for us, and we are filled with joy. Restore our fortunes, O Lord, like streams in the Negev. Those who sow in tears will reap with songs of joy. He who goes out weeping, carrying seed to sow, will return with songs of joy, carrying sheaves with him."


The third cup - The Cup of Blessing  (Kos B'racha)

Leader:  Deut. 6:20   In the future, when your son asks you, "What is the meaning of the stipulations, decrees and laws the Lord our God has commanded you?"


Together we take up the cup of wine, now recalling the third divine PROMISE:

Group: As it is written: Exodus 6v6    ".....I will redeem you with an outstretched arm..."  READ Luke 22v20  We praise You, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who has created the fruit of the vine.                        

(All drink the third cup of wine.)


Note: For the children, and indeed, all, two facts should by now have emerged: 1. That we each need redeeming. 2 That God Himself accomplishes the redemption. You may wish to question the children and group with this in mind.


The Cup of Elijah   (Kos Eliyahu)

An additional cup is taken and held up by the leader (to be set aside in front of an empty chair - for the Future.) The children open the door.

(Note: The door is opened for Elijah. He is forerunner of Messiah (Mal.3v1; 4v5).


Leader: We set aside this cup as a sign of the hope of full and final redemption, in preparation for the time of our Lord's return. Passing through the waters amidst signs and wonders were the people of Israel born. Finding favour in the wilderness to tell of Your glory. From the holy mountain we see anew the glory of the Law in the new light which rises over Zion, from whom came forth the Light of Life, the Son of Man. Before us still we dimly glimpse our greatest tasks, our finest work, our most worthy hours.


Group: To plant, to build, and to bless wherever the people of God live.

We praise You, O God, King of the Universe, who has sanctified us through Your commandments, being fulfilled in Christ, and commanded us to renew, today, the sure and certain hope of redemption.             (The cup is set down untasted.)




The Fourth Cup - The Cup of Acceptance & Praise


Leader: As our Seder draws to an end, we take our cups of wine. The fourth cup recalls us to our covenant with the Eternal One, to the tasks that still await us as a people called to the service of God, to a great purpose for which the people of Israel and the Church both live, the preservation and affirmation of hope in the Messiah.   


Group:  As it is written, Exodus 6:7    "I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God." We praise You, O God, King of the Universe, who has created the fruit of the vine. 

(Psalms from the 'Hallel' (Psalms 115-118) may be quoted if desired. All drink the fourth cup of wine)


Leader: The Seder Service of Passover now concludes, its rites observed, its purposes revealed.

Group: May this priviledge in which we share be renewed until the Lord comes.

Leader: Peace!  

Group: Peace in Christ. 

Leader: For all people, that is our hope.

Group: Next year in Jerusalem!   'And they returned to Jerusalem with great joy and were continually in the temple, praising God' (Luke 24v52-53). May freedom and joy come to all who seek Jesus.

Leader:     L-shanah-ah bi-Rushala-yim!


(Note: For Jews......" 'Next year in Jerusalem'  is ever the hope of our people. Still we affirm that all people will rejoice together in the Zion of love and peace.")



* Instead of the 'Nirtzah' ending,  the following may be used.


Traditional ending

(Note: If this seems harsh, look at Revelation Chapters 6, 8-9, 14-16, 18-20)

Pour out Your wrath upon the nations that know You not, and upon the kingdoms that call not upon Your Name; for they have consumed Jacob and laid waste his habitation. Pour out Your rage upon them and let Your fury overtake them. Pursue them in anger and destroy them from under the heavens of the Lord.


Traditionally, parts of Psalms 115 - 118 are said. (Look up in Bible if you wish).


The fourth cup of wine - the Cup of Praise - is taken.


Leader: Blessed are You, O Lord our God, Ruler of the Universe, for the vine and the fruit of the vine, for the produce of the field and for the precious, good and spacious land which you favoured and gave to Israel, to eat its fruit, and to enjoy its fullness. Have compassion, O Lord our God, upon I srael, Your people, upon Jerusalem, Your city, upon Zion, the abode of Your glory, and upon the altar and Your temple. Rebuild Jerusalem, the holy city, speedily in our days. Lead us there and gladden us with its rebuilding; may we eat its fruit and enjoy its blessings; and we will bl;ess You for this in holiness and purity. Grant us joy on the festival of Passover, for You, O God, are good and beneficient to all, and we therefore give thanks unto You for the land and the fruit of the vine.


The Passover Seder is ended, according to custom and law. As we were worthy to celebrate it this year, so may we perform it in future years. O Pure One in heaven above, restore the myriad assemblies of Israel, speedily lead Your redeemed people to Zion in joy.




Song to conclude (optional)


(Tune of Israeli national anthem)  HATIKVAH   ("The Hope")


As Long as in the depth of the heart


A Jewish soul is yearning,


And towards the East


An eye is still looking to Zion,


Our hope is not lost yet -


The two thousand year old hope


To be a free nation in our land,


The Land of Zion and Jerusalem.


To be a free nation in our land,


The Land of Zion and Jerusalem.




DCH  (HT) 1999

Revised 2013







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